In Panama, coffee farmers are encouraged to protect the environment. There is a special program for plantations located on the banks of the Panama Canal. It is designed for 15 years and is aimed at reducing soil erosion and pollution of local rivers.
Scientists believe that it is because of this that the water level in the canal has dropped recently. Drought also contributed to this.
If farmers meet the program requirements, they are allowed to expand their plantings. In addition, coffee beans are purchased from them at higher prices.
The Panama Canal Authority spent $32 million on the program. The money was used to train coffee farmers, implement more environmentally friendly farming practices, and help them obtain green certifications.
Experts say the project has helped slow damage to surface water sources critical to the canal’s functioning.
About 5% of world trade passes through the Panama Canal.